Types of Lung Infection
21 March 2011 - 10:06 AM
Lung Infection Types
Breathing difficulty, fever and chest congestion are main symptoms of lung infection. The symptoms may vary slightly according to lung infection types. What are the different types of lung infection? Find answer to this question and more in this article...
Lung infection can be bacterial, viral or fungal. Certain parasites can also affect lung health seriously. Bacterial lung infections are more common than viral or fungal infections. Viral infections do not need any medications. They get cured on their own after running their course. Cough, sore throat, shortness of breath (dyspnea), chest pain and fever are the common symptoms of lung infection. Bacterial lung infections are treated with antibiotics. The infections are further classified and named according to the type of bacteria that attack lungs or according to the part of the lung that is affected. Those who smoke are more likely to suffer from lung infections. Here is an overview of lung infection types.
Different Types of Lung Infection
Tuberculosis: Tuberculosis is an example of bacterial lung infection. This disease has been wiped out from the rich and developed countries but it still kills several people in the poor countries. Cough, green or blood stained sputum, breathing difficulty are some signs of tuberculosis. It results in weight loss, poor muscle tone and dry flaky skin. Patients are required to take medications over months or years. Those who accompany the patients are also treated in order to prevent infections.
Pleurisy: The lining of the lungs is known as pleura. When there is an infection in this lining, the condition is called pleurisy. It is caused by viral infection or pneumonia. Chest pain, breathing difficulty are the commonly noticed symptoms.
Pneumonia: When the air sacs in the lungs become filled with fluid due to infection, the condition is called pneumonia. The infection can be viral or bacterial. Many patients suffer from pneumonia after flu. Patients need antibiotics if the infection is bacterial infection. Inflammation, production of mucus, breathing difficulty, chest pain while breathing, cough, very high fever, chills and chest congestion are the common symptoms. Muscle pain, fatigue are also experienced by the patients of pneumonia. This is one of the common lung infection types. The bacterium called legionella causes legionnaires’ disease which is considered as a severe type of pneumonia. Smokers, elderly (those who have weak immune systems) are more susceptible to this type of infection.
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS): Outbreaks of certain types of lung infections are noticed occasionally in different parts of the world. SARS is amongst them, although it is a type of pneumonia. SARS is highly contagious. Whooping cough, high fever, headache and general discomfort is experienced by the patients. About 8000 people caught this infection in 2003 and more than 700 of those lost their lives. Persistent cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, wheezing are the main lung infection symptoms which need prompt medical attention.
Bronchitis: In case of bronchitis, the air passage from the windpipe to the lungs gets irritated. Smokers are more likely to suffer from bronchitis than non-smokers. Chronic bronchitis can lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Patients of chronic bronchitis have cough for years. Inflammation of the wind pipe to the lungs leads to severe discomfort. The mucus is thick, yellow and greenish.
MRSA Lung Infection: It is a rare kind of staph infection. The skin might turn dry, red, irritated, swollen and itchy due to this infection. Sometimes, bumps filled with pus are noticed on the skin. Skin to skin contact can spread this infection. It may lead to urinary tract infections. Patients might experience chills, fever, cough, shortness of breath, fatigue and muscle pain.
Pseudomonas Lung Infection: Severely ill patients are prone to this type of lung infection. It can lead to inflammation of some tissues in brain. It may result in headache, facial paralysis, ear infections, affecting the hearing capacity.
In severe viral infections, lips and nails may turn blue. Dehydration is also one of the symptoms of lung infection. The infection can lead to ear infections. Some may experience skin irritation in case of bacterial infections. Candida lung infection caused by a fungus exhibits the same symptoms as exhibited by other lung infection types. In some severe cases, surgical removal of very large mass of fungus becomes an essential part of the treatment. If a sore throat is not cured within a few days, or if you are not able to get rid of cough after a week or so, then you should undergo proper tests. Early detection of lung infection increases the chances of fast recovery.